Bohuslavice u Kyjova – Vineyards Bučovice Liechtensteins


First the old mountain vineyards are documented in the 15th century, according to the book of vineyards from the years 1764 to 1885 were vineyards and Novosad, Včelínkách, pupae, trunk, on the Bare Mountain and elsewhere. Planting vines on the southern slopes Chřiby primarily engaged in Liechtenstein; Bohuslavice were the only municipalities viniferous bučovického their estate wines and distinctive mountain area was decorate receptions Moravian nobility. The area of ​​vineyards in the 19th Bohuslavice century more than the acreage of arable land and vineyards of the annual revenue was estimated at 6,500 florins. Rajhrad Benedictine Wolne Gregory states that in 183 4 was the best wine in Moravia under Včelínkama harvested and sold well. Sales of wine was then the main source of money and the increased wealth of the village. The owners of vineyards in Bohuslavice not only local winemakers, but also from landlords Bukovany, Borsov, Kyjov, Koryčany, Mouchnice, Nevojice. Once a robust wine village but affected the late 19th century phylloxera vines, and all had to be grubbed up. Planting vineyards to restore the 30 the last century, but its wine reputation has never reached the village. Of the original extensive vineyards remain today only a few hectares, which manages the small winemakers.

The cellar alley


The cellar with horse carriage

The famous history of the winery in the village was mentioned only a few cellars with ground floor mills preserved under Včelínkami in Chrástce and Zákostelí. Most of the mills was gradually rebuilt and used as residential homes. In the past, cellars and oil mills in almost all the larger houses, some buildings stood alone at the foot of the vineyards outside the farmhouse. Above them is usually used to be a modest living room, exceptionally chamber. Isolated buildings in Kyjov were local, mostly defunct, called presúze mill. Huge, multi-storey detached building with adobe bricks and mud daub plastered gable is oriented in the front wall are segmentally arched entrance with massive doors of thick plates. Symmetrically on the sides of the narrow entrance in the floor vents. Originally the roof was covered with thatch, later burnt bag and thus changing the shape of the roof. The mill, with its beamed ceiling became a big machine. The rear entrance opens into the basement, whose floor level is usually in the mill, so the divide is only a brick wall. Wooden stairs lead to the granary, where the wooden chests "žiglí 'grain into storage. The land has often been used as a hayloft, which was accessible from outside the ladder. Its peak was reached in 18 buildings and 19 century, the story about the last sample in Bohuslavice mill stands on the site of the house number 172nd The size and mystery of old cellars bohuslavických tales are told. On some cellars it is said that they could enter into a horse-drawn carriage, others apparently led to the castle and the ground rumbles when he jumps over them. It can be assumed that the original installation consisted of a small castle under stone village houses with cellars locations. Typical development ulicová cellars mills was only later. One of the oldest wine cellar buildings include the Gothic cross vault in the old mill on the road to Zákostelí. Currently on this mill building and selling Records Library Art Gallery. Originally vast cellars were the expansion and decline of the winery buildings are often shortened and modified. "When building a new mill at house No. 234, under which there is Budíková Hall basement at the base of the neck appeared a huge cavity, which has escaped into a few cubic meters of concrete. I dared not explore deeper the cavern as danger collapsing buildings. It is possible that this pit was often mentioned by Oni, Lochem ', which served as a refuge crop at the time of medieval wars, "says the reconstruction of one of the most famous cellars bohuslavických MD. John Pavlik. Today is a winery in the village just a few dozen hobby winemakers who produce wine for their own use. Most basements in gardens and courtyards of houses, extends to the outside and only a few original buildings renovated basement. A typical, massive mill nadsklepní found in the garden at the end of the steep climb Včelínkama. At the same track between several rural cottages original buildings are two cellars with modern mills. A similar view also offers lane in Chrástce. Under natural monuments Bohuslavické hill slopes is no longer remembered cellar, which it has established a hotelier family of alarm clocks. In the neighborhood of newly built mill, decorated with folk decorations, deteriorate two brick cellars with natural předsklepím.
 

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