Velké Bílovice – magic the Haná Slovácko


The city's name derives from the legend according to which Bílovice founded Trkmanice refugees from the village, destroyed during the Hussite wars. When a handful of survivors gathered at the new location, one of them said to sigh: "But before us there were more." The levy of the vineyards, the perkrecht, is mentioned as early as the 1446th The local winery in the 16 affected century Havana, their joint trip to the cellar Čejkovice is currently owned by the Company Habánské cellars. Winery suffered very beginning of the 17th century, while elsewhere in Moravia was half destroyed by wars vineyards in Bílovice was 90%. Successful development of viticulture in the 18th century had only one downside, which was the loss of markets after the Seven Years War, the Prussians occupied Silesia. Even in the 19th century, people were very superstitious - in 1863 is documented in Bílovice elected municipal snake storms, which was Jan Kégl. And when enlightened native Vaclav Lebloch home weather station set up, local suspected him of witchcraft. Wine has always been good here, from the 19th century to preserve a record, according to which the wine bílovické paid three gold and thirty dimes, while other wines for less than two gold. In 1923 Paul founded the wine-growing Osička pavilion, which was the first attempt at wine bars on a scientific basis. Great frost in 1929 necessitated extensive reconstruction of vineyards, but in 1931 the land was planted in Great Bílovice 120 000 pieces of new seedlings. After the Second World War and collectivization, increased the acreage of vineyards by establishing terraces, in 1981, has developed its agricultural cooperative nursery desetihektarové 425 3 00 pcs seedlings. At that time, the song in the village the following varieties: Blue Portugal 25%, 21% of St. Lawrence, Riesling 18 ½% Müller-Thurgau 16%. From traditional events are known Velkobílovické feast celebrated the beginning of September and very popular for tourists the unique magic of dance with lots of costumes maya chase. The city, whose vineyard belonged to the largest in the past, forming together with Čejkovice and Mutěnice microregion Vitis wine is its present area of ​​803.6 hectares of vineyards largest wine-growing villages in the country.

The cellar alley


Myths and legendary Belegrady

Lines are spaced vineyard on the slopes of hills Dyjskomoravské. Originally there were twenty-eight (Šísary, Short, canines, from Čejkovska, Zimarky, Holomúcary, Maškrúby, Ťuhýkov, Hamby, Stískale, Court ...) now have been optionally blended into seven wine-growers: Mountain Front, Back Mountain, Long Mountain, Broad Mountain , Under Belegrady, New Mountain, Vinohrádky. Basement area, comprising more than 650 mainly multi-storey residential mills, is separated from the village Bílovickým stream and consists of three parts, which now coincide buildings: Půrynky, best known under the fore and Belegrady. From the cellars in Belegradech Velkopavlovická wine trail leads between the vineyards on the hill Hradištěk mythical. From a hill covered with steppe flora, dominated by small chapel dedicated to St.. Wenceslas, Vol. And St. Urban. Cyril and Methodius, you can enjoy views of the region under vinorodého Palava. According to a legend here in the Middle Ages held Witches Sabbat, Walpurgis Night here on you flaming fire whirl and see witches today. In the mid 18th century in the village were only four and six tributary svobodnických cellars, fifty years later it was over thirty cellars. In 2 half of the 19th century the area grew into a series of three horseshoe. Belegrady have their own pub and sports complex called Chřástelka. The local specialty is facing almost half the drain cellars, that impression is reinforced by a separate village. At the beginning of the 40th the 20 century began with the construction of new roads along the Belegradů Čejkovice, according to the time of them also said Hitler Strasse. "Seventy years of the last century, negatively influenced the cellars in Great Bílovice. During the ten years has grown many cellars without any concept only by folk art. Wine affected by the construction of socialist realism - flat roofs, balconies, concrete, iron ... "says the construction standards cellars local citizen Paul Zemanek.

In true traditional vineyard right frejunku (ie asylum for vulnerable people) who entered the vineyard persecuted beyond the width of hoes, were executed. For abuse frejunku hand was cut off. Also, an argument in the vineyard, according to the law horenského prohibited under penalty of ten pennies for a fight on the vine even the death penalty. Horenské courts traditionally were held twice a year in St. George (April) and St. Lawrence (August).

In the 20th the last century, wrote a local teacher in the chronicle: "Earlier they used to be cheerful (read cellars) - were also more wine, and many farmers have spent most of his life - two, three days resisted - to sleep in the hay, and when a piece of bread and meat brought from home, they sat back and drank to their liking. Now mostly in basements and doing grinds policy wisdom. The informative meetings that are held for education, economy, do not go - it might be better shall do this in basements. (...) Trousí as apostles, to fit into the cellars. "

So far, maintains a tradition of sitting in the basement of St. Stephen (December 26), which ended with the year-round service, it was said: "Stephen is not the master." In the summer, do not visit the cellars too, because most of the time it takes work in the vineyards. Earlier in this period there was no wine in Bílovice be said: "And do not go to Belegradů, haunted there in bečkách".

Elsewhere, widespread veneration of St. Urban, the patron saint of winemakers, Bílovice not documented. Although the cult was apparently limited to the area of ​​the German population, very tasteful decoration of statues of the saint is widespread. Long the traditional story of the prince's cellar buried in the field below Belegradem, excavations in 1928, however, refute it. With wine crop forecasting is associated the following superstition: "The gross mass at birth is God's winemakers look to the altar, the sun shines when the cup of wine, which elevates the priest the following year will be fertile." Bílovickými vineyards leads the trail, which follows the route cycling Velkopavlovicka wine trail. It has a few information boards placed on wineries, vineyards and wine festivals lines in Great Bílovice. It was founded in 2005 and beyond offers instruction and an opportunity to rest.

Where you can taste wine

Vinotéka s informačním centrem a sklep - Tel: 602 277 01

Vinařství a penzion u hroznu - Tel: 777 207 440, www.uhroznu.cz

Habánské sklepy, s.r.o. - Tel: 519 346 233, www.habanskesklepy.cz

Hrabal - Rodinné vinařství - Tel: 736 489 082, www.hrabal-vino.cz

Vinařství Dalibor Ocička - Tel: 776 594 271, e-mail: osicka.dalibor@seznam.cz

Vinařství - Vladimír Tetur - Tel: 603 253 529, www.moraviavitis.cz

Vinopol Santé, s.r.o. - sklep a vinotéka - Tel: 519 346 220, e-mail: vinopol@c-box.cz

Rodinné vinařství Tibor Zapletal - Tel: 606 715 417, tibor@vinarstvi.cz

Sklep U Osičků - Tel: 608 770 712, www.sklepuosicku.cz

The festivities associated with wine

Spring Wine tour (March or April)

Local wine exhibition (April)

Singing for Pleasure (July)

Singing the Belegradech (August)

Zarážání Mountains (on the St. Bartholomew Belegradech)

Feast with stopping the famous May Day in early September

Hodky (fourteen days after the feast)

Rite Wines (27.12.)
 

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