Hnánice - former center of trade in wine


In Vlastivěda Moravian in 1904 is about the history of the village Hnanice reported the following: "The place name is of Slavic origin. It is considered to mean the place where the enemy was driven from the earth through the earth's land borders. The establishment of the village, according to historian Louka Troschla come down to the year 1,201th According to his report is the first mention where Rudgerus, Miles de Gnanlicz, Louckému monastery gave tithes of all of their vineyards in Hnanice, then Gnadlersdorf. "
 
Hnanice lying on a busy trade route for centuries and have been living an agricultural center. The wound caused a lively commercial town of the postwar expulsion of Germans, when the population dropped to 250 inhabitants. Of the village is situated in an area where it has been found from the Middle Ages of vineyards. The heart of this region vinorodého was and remains a belt stretching close to the Austrian border after the Hnanice Jaroslavice. Today, the village manages an area of ​​100 ha of vines around a number of small growers, there are only registered on the 15th The princely hill tracks (this is according to local experts, most beneficent) Fládnická, U chapels, under a rock, The Cellars, The Hair, The bunker focus primarily on the cultivation of traditional varieties in Znojmo as Riesling, Riesling, Grüner Veltliner and Mueller Thurgau. In red wines prevail St. Lawrence, more interest in recent years, gaining a variety Cabernet Moravia.
 
Its landmark is the Gothic church of St. Wolfgang in 1487, abandoned during the Thirty Years War and later rebuilt in Baroque style. In close to a spring whose water is treated according to legend, blindness. Other sights are the plague column, an ancient granary or Holy Stone, regarded as pagan place of sacrifice. The natural beauty is worth a visit to a protected area nine mills on the river Thaya. Although the mills were in the Cold War and the strict surveillance liquidated way around them, however, leads us to the vineyard Šobes.
 

The cellar alley

 

Royal protocol breach

Nearby is the legendary Hnanice Šobes vineyards, famous for its beautiful location on the headland of the river Thaya. The hill on which it occurs thermophilic unique fauna and flora was inhabited before thirty thousand years ago. Acid soil on a gneissic cover absorbs heat from the sun and creates conditions similar to the most famous French vineyards or porýnským. The local Riesling was ranked among the thousand of the world's best wines, exceptional quality are achieved and Pinot Gris and hills. Wines tasted from Šobes and Austrian emperors and indeed noble guests appreciate the quality of today. Šobeské wine is even responsible for the breach of royal protocol. When it was in 1996 to visit the Czech Republic British Queen Elizabeth II., Tasted her this golden brew so much that he had the same bottle fill up again. And it is against the practice of dining at the royal table. This wine was poctěným Pinot Gris, born the 1993rd A painter and connoisseur of wine Milan Magni describes the experience of tasting the local booth Znovín "impressive bouquet of flowering lime, jasmine and acacia, discreet aroma of dried apricots and ripe yellow fruit, slightly petroleum in the final tone. Patriarchal hands, I bless this piece of paradise on earth and silently make a wish to come back again. Of course in women's accompaniment, otherwise the wine Šobes not drink! "
 

One of the most original cellar streets Znojmo

The timing winery development in the village can be associated with the expansion of vineyards buildings. The chief book cellars and mills from the 16th century are preserved records of this species in Hnanice buildings and surrounding villages. Minutes of 1820 in the village demonstrates more than one hundred cellars, and this number is still valid today. They were built at the edges of existing or already extinct vineyards and gradually set up a coherent whole on both sides of the road in the southwestern part of the village. The village street is the Ravens, which combines wine tourism with horseback riding. Cellars were dug largely below ground and walled with brick or stone. Even Hnanice, like around Znojmo and Mikulov nearby, wine cellars create a system of tunnels connecting at right angles to each other. Vineyard in the village include construction site for the preservation of old buildings to unique forms of technology documents used in past centuries. Clay and stone are the predominant building materials. The conserved, even considerably disturbed external walls above ground mills to meet with the technique are loaded dusaného clay masonry zpevňovaného prosypem small stones. Press Shop carries a ceiling of massive beams and can be accessed by several steps. The air penetrated the mill small windows decorated with stone jambs or jamb. Hand-forged in simple lattice windows attract attention to product quality and artistic flair the local blacksmith. The huge granary mills leads short neck or steep stairs to his own cellar. This is old-dug soil in sandstone, but more frequently arched stone or brick. Cellars are complicated complex system of corridors with numerous branches and niches, which were built for large barrels of wine.
 

Points of interest

Of note is certainly powerful, aesthetically pleasing wooden cellar door, which represent the perfect craft carpentry work. They are richly structured vertically, horizontally, or diagonally stromkovitě asked planks that are nailed hand-forged nails. They often create boards saltire. They are painted green or brown color. Status cellars for a long time neglected is gradually changing for the better. The downside of renewal and revitalization of basement structures in the village is the suppression of typical building characteristics and non-indigenous technologies. Cellar in the street was designed Hnanice state protected monument zone.



 

Where you can taste wine

Wine cellar of the seven angels - 515 232 556
 
Wine cellar Josef Kořínek - 721 818 475
 
Wine Cellar at Hafan - 739 039 021
 
Tasting booth in a vineyard Šobes - 515 266 610, www.znovin.cz
 

The festivities associated with wine

Pilgrimage to St. Wolfgang (early September)
 

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