Jaroslavice – beneficial climate and fertile black soil


Right on the border with Austria, surrounded by vast vineyards, lies in a valley stream Daníž Jaroslavice town. The most important monuments of the village is the Renaissance chateau from the 16th century neoclassical church. Giles. The warm climate and fertile lowland area of ​​black soil here has always been creating ideal conditions for growing grapes. The N and vineyards and the chateau, in the most prized wine routes settlements are grown mainly white varieties such as Grüner Veltliner, Muller-Thurgau and Riesling, southern slopes of the hill and Castle Hill hosts a variety for the production of red wines: Zweigeltrebe, Pinot Noir and St. Laurent, which is typical Jaroslavice variety. Return jaroslavických easy zpeněžitelnost vineyards and local wine documented in medieval documents, the local law in the 15th horenská and 16 century had some custom features different from other systems in South Moravia and Lower Austria.
 

The cellar alley

 

Stables next to the mills

Basement structures are located in three aisles of wine, a total of about 90 Jaroslavice wine cellars. The oldest is a row of wine cellars with the mills, whose shape and layout retain the historic character, which is located directly on the route of the Moravian wine trails on the western edge of town. Younger origin are two separate streets in Bažantnice, where most of the cellars built in the second half of the 20th century. An important jaroslavickým cellar is mysterious labyrinth of tunnels near the church. Giles. Use of Znovín Znojmo and its components is the oldest wine archive in the Czech Republic. Pressing plant in Znojmo street are detached, ground-oriented gable rectangular building, the oldest of them are built of mud bricks. If two farms in the cellar winemakers know it by two doors in front. But if you get into the mill, you will find that the cellar door with one can use the two owners. Suggest two doors leading from the mill to the cellars, one of which is usually at ground level and a second recessed below the ground. Scallop cellars are in sandstone, lined with firebrick younger. Shields buildings are either triangular or valbičkou surface and the shield is broken pair of ventilation holes - sometimes in the shape of a cross. Mill, which served as a hayloft podstřeší are equipped with the shield in the feed opening. Specialty mills in Jaroslavice is their connection to the barn area, which is connected tightly to the mill, but has its own entrance. Inside the barn is built trough for horses. Occupied a large part of the mills in the past as underlying massive or younger and subtler spindle press. In Jaroslavice is produced at a high level of craftsmanship carpenter Johann Mondl. Kladovo press from the hands of the carpenters used as decorations in the basement of the family mill in New Špalková Saldorf-Sedlešovice.
 

Points of interest - historic presses

Kladovo press was invented in 25 BC in Greece, in Bohemia and Moravia is confirmed by its use in the 14th century. The more primitive version of the weight resting on a stone floor attracted movable upper timber and between the grapes are pressed. Length of logs Moravian presses approached ten meters, weight in excess of one ton of weight. Advanced as underlying machine without weights had the same length top and bottom of the stocks that are attracted to each other.
 
Screw press escaped around 1 century AD in what is now Italy, the Moravian wine regions spread in the middle of the 18th century. The grapes are pressed him in the head pressure spindle. The original wooden screw presses were, in the late 19th century began to produce steel spindle. Skill and artistic ambitions village carpenters who built the wine presses, is reflected in art decorating hinštu, stanchions and okřínu.
 

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